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  • INK by Shawn Zheng

    Location: Saskatoon, SK

    Shu Cheng (Shawn) Zheng features his distinctive style of making marks in Chinese..
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  • North Shore Art Crawl

    Location: North Shore, BC

    The North Shore Art Crawl is a free community arts event March 7+8,..
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  • Art exhibit at local funeral home is proof art isn’t dead!

    Location: Alexandria, ON

    • Friday, 21 Feb 6--9: Wine & cheese, entertainment by recording artist Katie..
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  • New Craft Coalition: Call to Artists

    Location: Calgary, AB

    New Craft Coalition invites applications from all mid-career and professional artists to be..
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  • TRAVEL EXHIBITION

    Location: Toronto, ON

    John Mantha will be participating in a group show at Twist Gallery in..
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  • Call for Submissions: International Women's Day

    Location: Toronto, ON

    International Women’s Day is celebrated on March 8 every year to acknowledge and..
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  • David Tycho: Urbania

    Location: Vancouver, BC

    Guest artist David Tycho will exhibit 10 paintings from his latest series. This series..
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  • ACAF (Accessible Art Fair) 2020

    Location: Brussels,

    ACAF (Accessible Art Fair) is back on October 15-18, 2020 for its 14th..
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  • Clarkson Society of Artists 2020 Show & Sale

    Location: Mississauga, ON

    The Clarkson Society of Artists invites you to attend their annual show &..
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  • Call for Artists: Urban Matrix

    Location: North Vancouver, BC

    North Van Arts is inviting artists to take part in an upcoming group..
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  • 9th Artist Spotlight Solo Art Competition

    Location: Palm Springs, CA

    Fusion Art is now accepting entries for the 9th Artist Spotlight Solo Art..
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  • Call for Art - 11th Annual

    Location: Palm Springs, CA

    Light Space & Time Online Art Gallery announces an art call for the..
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  • Call For Artists: The Other Art Fair Toronto

    Location: Toronto, ON

    The Other Art Fair are thrilled to present the newest edition of The..
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  • Poetic Notions

    Location: Montreal, QC

    Bringing together 30 artists and poets, curators & participants Holly Friesen and Carolyn..
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  • Call for Art - 4th Annual Colors Art Competition

    Location: Palm Springs, CA

    Fusion Art invites submissions for the 4th Annual Colors online art competition. For this..
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  • Art Rental Show

    Location: North Vancouver, BC

    Come and visit CityScape Community ArtSpace to view 200 new works of original..
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  • Marlene Kawalez and Corynn Kokolakis

    Location: Toronto, ON

    Presented by: Cedar Ridge Gallery. Part of the Cedar Ridge Gallery Contemporary Exhibition series. March..
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  • Jane Selbie and Joseph Farrugia

    Location: Toronto, ON

    Presented by: Cedar Ridge Gallery. Part of the Cedar Ridge Gallery Contemporary Exhibition series. February..
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  • Dianne Davis and the WAP Collective

    Location: Toronto, ON

    Presented by: Cedar Ridge Gallery. Part of the Cedar Ridge Gallery Contemporary Exhibition series. February..
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  • “Grey” International Call - Art & Literature Journal - Deadline February 28, 2020

    Location: Toronto, ON

    | Theme: Grey surrounds us, sometimes in surprising ways. In beach pebbles, a..
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  • on thin ice Polar Bear Art Exhibit

    Location: Toronto, ON

    On thin ice is a solo exhibit of polar bear portrait paintings by..
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  • Support the Worldwide Art Community | Participate in 6x6x2020

    Location: Rochester, ON

    Hello Artists in Canada, We want YOU to participate in 6x6x2020! Let your creative..
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  • Olivier Du Tre: New Works

    Location: CALGARY, AB

    January 7 to February 29, 2020 At HUB@302 302-1235 26 Ave SE, Calgary, AB..
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  • WAAH 124th Juried Exhibition at the Art Gallery of Hamilton

    Location: Hamilton, ON

    Who:  The Women’s Art Association of Hamilton (WAAH) at the Art Gallery of..
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  • The Indian Contemporary Art Competition

    Location: New York, NY, ON

    The Indian Contemporary Art Competition (ICAC) aims to discover and promote talented artists..
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  • The Loft On King Street

    Location: Toronto, ON

    The Loft On King Street is one of the most unique private event..
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  • Overzealous Fine Art Exhibition 2020 Call for Entry

    Location: Toronto (GTA), ON

    Submission Deadline: Sunday, March 1st, 2020 -- Exhibition Dates: March 30 – April 18,..
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  • VOYZX Exhibition of Contemporary Surrealism

    Location: Vancouver, BC

    VOYZX Exhibition of Contemporary Surrealism 2020 is an annual international art exhibition, dedicated..
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Printmaking (Series 14 of 21) - Dry copier toner techniques

By Nik Semenoff September 7, 2004

} Dry copier toner techniques Printmaking Series - Part 14 of 21 By Nik Semenoff Laser printers and copiers use pigments imbedded in various plastic materials according to the need of the machine and patent rights. Most are 90% plastic with carbon pigment as the coloring agent. We are interested mainly in the black toner and it makes no difference if it comes from laser printers or copiers. To better understand your material, I suggest you do a simple test to see if it is affected by hydrocarbons. This knowledge can be helpful under certain circumstances and the image desired. I have designated toner to be either type A or B; or somewhere on the continuum. Type A are not affected by hydrocarbons such as white gas or common paint thinner and can be used to produce washes blocked out with gum. Type B toner can be bonded to the surface with white gas when using it on stone and is the most common material available these days. Both types can be bonded with heat, preferably from a paint stripping heat gun. The principle of using toner for image making is that it will not create an image in traditional lithography until is it bonded to the surface. This allows the artist to puddle the wash until satisfied - a dangerous undertaking with grease materials. Then the gum etch will desensitize the stone or plate and allow one to remove the toner mask and replace it with a good printing base. In waterless lithography, again it acts like a delicate mask to prevent silicone contacting the aluminium plate. Most will use it as a replacement to tusche washes, as it produces more varieties of textures than grease. When used in a paste-like mix, it will retain the line textures of the brush. Diluted with water and various surfactants, the reticulation can be exciting and controlled to a greater extent. Alcohol can be used with most toners but I suggest testing the product first as alcohol may dissolve one of the plastics and enlarge the dot structure. To make up a stock mix of toner one should acquire a small wide top bottle with a good cap. Put in about ¼ water and a few drops of surfactant. Add toner to twice the water volume, close the bottle and shake. In a few seconds the toner should be wet and ready to dilute for imaging. I use an old dinner plate on which a put a small amount of the toner and add water to get the effect I want. Different surfactants have various effects so experiment with what is around the house or studio. Do not use too much surfactant as it can prevent the toner particles adhering to the substrate. If you do not like the results of the drawing, just remove the toner with a wet sponge and try again. As long as all the particles are removed, the background will print clean - otherwise the characteristics of toner will produce a light tint. After the water has evaporated, the toner is bonded unto the surface. You can tell if it is bonded as the surface changes from matte to a glossy exterior. If you are doing traditional lithography, the toner is best removed with a 1:1 mix of acetone and lacquer thinner. Waterless plates are washed out with a mix of acetone and about 5-10% brake fluid. This mix retards the evaporation of the dissolved toner and allows one to use soapy water to remove it from the surface. This procedure greatly reduces the amount of acetone needed to make the plate ready for printing. The plate is printed without any print base necessary as the ink will chemically bond to the aluminium surface. Very delicate tints are possible in both lithographic methods, but waterless produces the best as there is no acid to destroy the finest particles. ________________________________________________ Copyright © 2004 Nik Semenoff Nik Semenoff Artist-in-residence University of Saskatchewan Visit Nik Semenoff's website at duke.usask.ca/~semenoff/ for more information.